Abstract: Shibli Nuímani, a late 19th century scholar, advocated a balanced educational philosophy for the Muslims in India. While most of hiscontemporaries wanted to teach traditional education to make Muslims retaintheir religious identity in the changed political situation, others stressed onmodern science and learning to face the challenges of modernity. TraditionalIslamic education aimed at the attainment of virtues while pursuing knowledgeas an obligation and produced scientists and philosophers but these promotersof traditional education were ignorant of the demands of their time, whereasthe modernist group considered traditional education unnecessary. Shibli usedhistory and kal...m to teach Muslims the unique characteristics of Islamiceducation and stressed that both groups need to make the Qurí...n their mainguide and urged the ëulam...í to take the lead.
Keywords: educational philosophy, modernity, ëulam...í, curriculum, tradition,reformation