Dr. Basheer Baj Toum
Faculty of Education, Umm al-Qura University, Mecca.
The topic of this paper is to define the positi.on of educational philosophy in the Islamic educational theory. Dealing with the topic has led to the discussion of some non-Islamic educational theories and the place of education philosophy therein. In this way the paper has addressed the explicatory educational theory and the practical educational theory.
The explicatory educational theory was meant by it proponents to be similar to physical or natural sciences theory, i.e. merely descriptive and explanatory. Its content is the experimental knowledge resulting from the researchers conducted in educational psychology and sociology. Religious, metaphysical and moral knowledge on the other hand, is not included in the structure of this educational theory. It has clearly defined functions: i.e. analysis, clarification. criticism and justification ... etc to defend the atheist and materialistic outlook.