Laws

Course Outline: Law of Crimes, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Law

Course Outline: Law of Crimes
Md. Jahid Hossain Bhuiyan, Assistant Professor, BUBT.

Crime and Civil injuries, Origin and Development of Criminal Law.

Islamic Concept of Crime

Essential elements of Crime, Guilty mind, Grounds of exemption from criminal responsibility. Joint liability and abetment a Attempt.

Punishment : Its objects and limit

Islamic Concept of Punishment, Islamic Object of Punishment

The most important offences : Offences against the State and other public interests, Offences affecting the human body. Offences against property and other interests of the individual.

Offences against the State under Islamic Law. Waging War against the State will be included under this heading. 

Offences affecting the human body under Islamic Law.  Murder, Rape and Unnatural offences will be included under this heading. 

Offences against property under Islamic Law. Theft, Dacoity, Robbery will be included under this heading. 

 

Curriculum Reform Law of Crimes Reference Books


Siddiqi, Muhammad Iqbal, The Penal Law of Islam (New Delhi: International Islamic Publishers, 1994).
Zia, Afiya Sherbano, Sex Crime in the Islamic Context: Rape, Class and Gender in Pakistan (Lahore: ASR Publications, Lahore, 1994).
El-Awa, Mohamed S., Punishment in Islamic Law: A Comparative Study (Delhi: Markazi Maktaba Islami, 1983).
Ullah, Muhammed, The Administration of Justice in Islam: An Introduction to the Muslim Conception of the State, 3rd ed. (New Delhi: Kitab Bhavan, 1990).
Rahman, Gazi Shamsur Rahman, Islamer Dandabidhi (Islamic Penal Code), Dhaka: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh, 1992.
Hannan, Shah Abdul, Social Laws of Islam, 2nd ed. 1997, Dhaka: Bangladesh Institute of Islamic Thought.
Kabir, L., Lectures on the Pakistan Penal Code (Dacca: Law House, 1970).
Ratanlal and Dhirajlal, The Law of Crimes, 22nd ed. rpnt. (New Delhi: Standard Law House, 1992

 

Jurisprudence
Md. Azharul Islam Habib, Lecturer, Dhaka University

Existing Syllabus:
Definition, Nature, Scope and Utility of the Study of Jurisprudence.

Islamic Inputs:
Introduction to Usul-al-Fiqh: The Meaning & Scope of Usul-al-Fiqh, Two Approaches to the Study of Usul-al-Fiqh, Importance & Utility of the Study of Jurisprudence, Proofs of Sharia.

Existing Syllabus:
Schools of Jurisprudence: Naturalist, Positivist, Analytical, Realist, Historical, Sociological and Feminist.

Islamic Inputs:
A Brief Outline of the Schools of Islamic Jurisprudence. Theories of General Principles, Theories of Strict Interpretation, The Theory of the Purposes of Law, The Refinement of the Purposes of Law.

Existing Syllabus:
Definition of Law.

Islamic Inputs:
The Concept of Islamic Law.

Existing Syllabus:
Kinds of Law.

Islamic Inputs:
Law and its Classification: The Hukm

Existing Syllabus:
 Sources of Law.

Islamic Inputs:
Sources of Islamic Law.

Existing Syllabus:
Administration of Justice: Civil and Criminal Justice. Theories of Punishment.

Islamic Inputs:
The concept of justice in Islam, Punishments & its basic purposes in Islam, Hadd Punishment, Tazir Punishment & Qisas.

Existing Syllabus:
Substantive and Adjective Law.

Analysis of Legal Concepts: Rights, Duties, Property, Possession, Ownership, Liability, Obligation, Persons and Title.

Islamic Inputs:
Islamic Concept of Rights, Duties, Property, Possession, Ownership, Liability, Obligation, Persons & Title.

Books Recommended:
1. P. J. Fitzgerald: Salmond on Jurisprudence, Universal Law Publishing Co. Allahabad, India, 2003.
2. R. W. M. Dias: Jurisprudence, Aditya Books Pvt. New Delhi, 1994.
3. D. Lloyd: Introduction to Jurisprudence, Sweet & Maxwell 1994.
4. Friedman: Legal Theory, 5th Edition, 3rd Indian Reprint, Universal Law Publishing Co., Allahabad, India, 2004.
5. Sir C. K. Allen: Law in the Making, Oxford University Press, London, 1992.
6. T. E. Holland: On Jurisprudence, 13th Edition, 1st Indian Reprint, Universal Law Publishing Co., Allahabad, India, 2001.
7. Rawls: A Theory of Justice, Universal Law Publishing Co., Allahabad, India, 2000.
8. Roscoe Pound: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law, 3rd Indian Reprint, Universal Law Publishing Co., Allahabad, India, 2003.
9. Imran Ahsan Khan Nyazee: Theories of Islamic Law: The Methodology of Ijtihad, The International Institute of Islamic Thought, Islamabad and Islamic Research Institute, Islamabad, Pakistan, 1994.
10. Mohammad Hashim Kamali:  Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence, The Islamic Texts Society, Cambridge, UK, 1991.
11. Shaykh Taha Jabir Al-Alwani, Issues in Cotemporary Islamic Thought, The International Institute of Islamic Thought, USA, 2005.
12. Abdur Rahim: The Principles of Muhammadan Jurisprudence, Madras, 1911.
13. Weiss, Bernard G. The Search for God's Law: Islamic Jurisprudence in the Writings of Sayf al-Dîn al-Âmidî. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 1992.
14. Khadduri, Majid. Al-Shafii's Risala: Treatise on the Foundations of Islamic Jurisprudence. Cambridge, UK: Islamic Texts Society, 1999.
15. Makdisi, George. Religion, Law and Learning in Classical Islam. Aldershot: Ashgate/Variorum, 1991.
16. Masud, Muhammad Khalid, Brinkley Messick and David S. Powers, eds. Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and their Fatwas. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.
17. Stewart, Devon J. Islamic Legal Orthodoxy: Twelver Shiite Responses to the Sunni Legal System. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 1998.
18. Hallaq, Wael B. Authority, Continuity and Change in Islamic Law. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
19. Fareed, Muneer Goolam. Legal Reform in the Muslim World: The Anatomy of a Scholarly Dispute in the 19th and the Early 20th Centuries on the Usage of Ijtihâd as a Legal Tool. Bethesda, MD: Austin & Winfield, 1996.
20. Yahaya Yunusa Bambale: An Outline of Islamic Jurisprudence, Malthouse Press, Nigeria, 2008 .
21. Azami, M.M. On Schacht's Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence. New York: John Wiley, 1985.
22. M. T. Ladan: Introduction to Jurisprudence Classical and Islamic, Malthouse Press, Nigeria, 2007.
23. Imam al-Shafi’i: Al Shafi’i’s Risala: Treatise on the Foundations of Islamic Jurisprudence.
24. Dr. Saalih al-Fawzaan: A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence (2 vols.) 2005.

 


Constitutional Law
Md. Azharul Islam Habib, Lecturer, Dhaka University

Introduction: 
Conception & Elements of State. Meaning of Constitution. The Concept of Constitutionalism. Contents and Classification of Constitutions. Methods of Establishing  Constitution. Meaning, Nature and Scope of Constitutional Law.

Islamic Inputs:
Concept of Islamic State, Definition & Classification of Islamic Constitution, Necessity of having an Islamic Constitution, The concept of Constitutionalism in Islam, Scope & Contents of Islamic Constitution, Methods of Establishing of Islamic Constitution.

Constitutional Law of Bangladesh:
Framing of the Constitution of Bangladesh. Features of the Constitution of Bangladesh, 1972. Sources of Constitutional Law. Interpretation of Constitution. Preamble. Supremacy of the Constitution. Fundamental Principles of State Policy. Fundamental Rights and  their Enforcement.

Islamic Inputs:
Special Features of an Islamic Constitution, Basis & Sources of Islamic Constitution, Ideology of State & Its Belief (i.e. Fundamental Principles of State Policy), Supremacy of Shariah, Concept of Sovereignty in Islam, Fundamental Rights & their Enforcement, Rights of Non-Muslims.

The Executive:
Powers and Functions of the President, Prime Minister and Cabinet, Ministerial Responsibility, Care-taker Government, Local Government. Defence Services. The Attorney-General.

Islamic Inputs:
Concept of Executive in Islamic Constitution, Designation of the Head of the State, Duration, Election Qualification of this Post, Powers & Functions of the Head of the State, Women Leadership in Islam.


The Legislature:
Parliament, Its Composition, Functions, Privileges, Immunities, Legislative and Financial Procedures. Ordinance Making Power.


Islamic Inputs:
Basic Distinctions between Conventional Parliament & Majlish al Shura, Siyasa al Shariah, Qualification of the members of Shura, Types & Structure of Majlish al Shura, Election of members, Functions of Majlish al Shura.


Judiciary:
Judiciary, Administrative Tribunal, Separation of Power and Independence of Judiciary, Constitutional Remedies, Judicial Review, Writ.

Islamic Inputs:
Concept of Judiciary in Islamic Constitutional Law, Nature of Judiciary before & after the advent of Islam, Separation of Power & Independence of Judiciary, Legal Professions, Different Tribunals in Islamic State, Constitutional Remedies.

Election, Services of Bangladesh, Ombudsman, Emergency, Amendments of the Constitution, Miscellaneous.

Islamic Inputs:
Methods of Election in Islamic State, Independent Election Commission & Its Compositions & Functions, Services of Islamic State, Hisbah or Ombudsman, 

Constitutional Law of UK:
Characteristics of the UK Constitution, Sources of the UK Constitution, Rule of Law, Royal Prerogative, Parliamentary Sovereignty, Government and Parliament. The Individual and the State.

Islamic Inputs:
Reviewing the Constitutions of Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Iran & if possible on the constitution of other Muslim Countries who laid emphasis on the Sharia.

Books Recommended;
1. Government Publication: The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
2. Mahmudul Islam: Constitutional Law of Bangladesh, Second Edition, Mullick Brothers, Dhaka, 2002.
3. H. M. Seervai: Constitutional Law of India, Universal Book Traders, Delhi, 2002.
4. D.D. Basu: Shorter Constitution of India, Wadhwa, Nagpur, 2003.
5. Hilare Barnett: Constitutional & Administrative Law, Cavendish Publishing Ltd. London, 4th Edition, 2002.
6. Hood Philips: Constitutional Law and Administrative Law, Sweet & Maxwell, London, 1973.
7. John Adler: General Principles of Constitutional and Administrative Law, Fourth Edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.
8. C. F. Strong: Modern Political Constitutions, London, 1975.
9. A. V. Dicey: An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution, 10th Edition, 4th Indian Reprint, Universal Law Publishing Co., Allahabad, India, 2003.
10. Latifur Rahman: The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh with Comments and Case-Laws, Mullick Brothers, 2004.
11. Sayyid Abul A'la Maududi, "The Islamic Law and Constitution" Translated by Ahmad, Khurshid Published by the Islamic Publications (Pvt.) Limited, 13-E Shahlam Market, Lahore, Pakistan, 11th edition October 1992.
12. M. Hamidullah, “The Muslim Conduct of State, Lahore”, 1st ed. 1953, 2nd ed. 1977.
13. Prof. Dr. Yusuf Al Qaradawi, "Priorities of Islamic Movement in the Coming Phase" translated by Akhunji, Muhammad Sanaullah in Bengali as "Adhunik Jug :Islam Kaushal O Karmoshuchi, Published by Notun Safar Prakashani, 167/A WAPDA Road, West Rampura, Dhaka-1219. Second Edition : October 2003.
14. Dr. Yusuf al Qaradawi, "Ghayr al-Muslimeen fil-Mujtama' al-Islami" ,"Generosity Towards Non-Muslims In Islam"  originally written in Arabic, translated into Bengali by Hasan, Mahmudul as "O-Muslimer Proti Islamer Udarata published by Sarwar Kamal, Potia, Chittagong
15. Imam Ibn Taymiyyah, “Statehood in Sharia”, Translated by Julfiqar Ahmad Qismati in Bengali as “Shariati Rastha Babostha” Ahsan Publication, Dhaka, 2008.
16. Maulana Abdur Rahim, “Al Quran-e- Rastha O’ Sharker”, Khairun Prokashani, 3rd edition, March 2000.
17. Dr. ABM Mahbubul Islam, Islamic Constitution: Quranic & Sunnatic Perspectives, Professor Publication, Dhaka.
18. Mohammad Asad: The Principles of State and Government in Islam, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 1961
19. Mawdudi, S. Abul `Ala', The Rights of Non-Muslims in Islamic State, Islamic Publications, LTD. Lahore, Pakistan. 1982.
20. Muraghi, Abdullah Mustapha, Islamic Law Pertaining to Non-Muslims, Library of Letters. Egypt. Undated 
21. Dr. Muhammad Sharif Chaudhry, A Model Islamic Constitution, Kitab Sarai, First Floor Al-Hamd Market, Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Pakistan.
22. Dr. Muhammad Sharif Chaudhry, Islam’s Charter of Fundamental Rights and Civil Liberties, Kitab Sarai, First Floor Al-Hamd Market, Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Pakistan.
23. Dr. Muhammad Sharif Chaudhry, An Introduction to the Islamic State and Government, Kitab Sarai, First Floor Al-Hamd Market, Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Pakistan.
24. Dr. Muhammad Sharif Chaudhry, Elements of Political System of Islam, Kitab Sarai, First Floor Al-Hamd Market, Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Pakistan.
25. Dr. Muhammad Sharif Chaudhry, Administration of Justice in Islam, Kitab Sarai, First Floor Al-Hamd Market, Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Pakistan.

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