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  1. Islamisation of Knowledge: Problems, Principles and Prospective click
  2. Islamic Thought in the Modern World click
  3. An Approach to Knowledge and Human Limitations click
  4. The Balance Sheet of Western Philosophy in this Century click
  5. Man between Two Laws: A Qur’anic Perspective in Understanding Self and Understanding the Other click

 

Maqasid al Shari’ah: A Strategy to Rehabilitate Religion in America PDF Print E-mail

Robert D. Crane

Where do the Maqasid come from?

Before I explain what the maqasid al shari’ah are and why they can serve to rehabilitate religion in America, I want to discuss where they come from and what their purpose is in the design of Allah.

As a professional, long-range global strategist, my concern has always been to forecast and plan the preservation and revival of entire civilizations as a means to fulfill the purpose of human life on earth. The purpose of every civilization or hadara is to promote peace, prosperity, and freedom for its own members and for all others through compassionate justice.

The challenge for all of us therefore is how to do this. The simple answer is to become what Allah intends us to be, both as persons and as communities. The Prophet Muhammad, salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa salam, said that every person is created in the image of God, which is what the Christians call the imagio dei. If we are to become God-like, what does this mean? In a hadith qudsi, the Prophet explained his understanding that we are to reflect the attributes of Allah by becoming His eyes, ears, and hands. All these, of course, are metaphors.

Allah has created us to be powerful, to be merciful, and to be knowledgeable, because these are the three central attributes of Allah. Some un-orthodox Christians refer to these attributes of God by the terms Father, Son, and Holy Spirit and distinguish them from the Being of God, just as Muslims do.

We have been given the power to know the truth and to apply it with compassion in the form of justice. Our purpose here on earth is to do this by recognizing our real identity, not any faux identity that we might prefer. We can become what we are intended to be by: 1) relying on the Word of Allah; 2) observing the coherence of the universe; and 3) using our power of rational thought to understand how each of these two sources of knowledge, i.e., revelation and science, complement and reinforce each other.

 
AL Maqasid al-Shariah : A Beginner’s Guide PDF Print E-mail

Jasser Auda

Children often come up with deep philosophical questions, and one cannot tell whether they mean these questions or not! However, the beauty of a child’s question is that it is often not bound by pre-set ‘facts’ or ‘this is the way things are’ logic. I often start courses on Maqasid al-Shariahwith the story of a little girl who asked her father: ‘Dad, why do you stop the car at the traffic light?’ Her father replied, with an educative tone: ‘Because the light is red, and red means stop.’ The girl asked: ‘But why?’ The Dad replied also with a tone of education: ‘So the policeman does not give us a ticket.’ The girl went on: ‘But why would the policeman give us a ticket?’ The Dad answered: ‘Well. Because crossing a red light is dangerous.’ The girl continued: ‘Why?’ Now the Dad thought of saying: ‘This is the way things are,’ but then decided to be a bit philosophical with his little beloved daughter. Thus, he answered: ‘Because we cannot hurt people. Would you like to be hurt yourself?’ The girl said: ‘No!’ The dad said: ‘And people also do not want to be hurt. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Love for people what you love for yourself.” But instead of stopping there, the girl asked: ‘Why do you love for people what you love for yourself?’ After a bit of thinking, the father said: ‘Because all people are equal, and if you would like to ask why, I would say that God is The Just, and out of His Justice, He made us all equal, with equal rights, and that is the way He made the world!’

 
Maqasid al-Shariah as Philosophy of Islamic Law: A Systems Approach PDF Print E-mail

Jasser Auda

Why is giving charity (zakah) one of Islam’s principle ‘pillars’? What are the physical and the spiritual benefits of fasting the month of Ramadan? Why is drinking any amount of alcohol a major sin in Islam? What is the link between today’s notions of human rights and Islamic law? How can the Islamic law contribute to ‘development’ and ‘civility’?

‘Maqasidal-Shariah’ are principles that provide answers to the above questions and similar questions about the Islamic law. Maqasid include the wisdoms behind rulings, such as ‘enhancing social welfare,’ which is one of the wisdoms behind charity, and ‘developing consciousness of God,’ which is one of the wisdoms behind fasting.

Maqasid are also good ends that the laws aim to achieve by blocking, or opening, certain means. Thus, the Maqasid of ‘preserving people’s minds and souls’ explain the total and strict Islamic ban on alcohol and intoxicants. Maqasidare also the group of divine intents and moral concepts upon which the Islamic law is based, such as, justice, human dignity, free will, magnanimity, facilitation, and social cooperation. Thus, they represent the link between the Islamic law and today’s notions of human rights, development, and civility. This chapter explains what ‘Maqasidal-Shariah’ is and how it could play a fundamental role in the much-needed ‘contemporarisation’ of the Islamic maqasid as philosophy of islamic law. It will introduce traditional and current definitions and classifications of Maqasid, and elaborate on three historical stages that the idea of al-Maqasid went through, namely, the Companions’ era, the schools of law foundational era, and the era between the fifth and eighth Islamic centuries. Finally, recent developments of al-Maqasid terminology will be surveyed, and the relevance and significance of some of the terms will be explained. ‘Maqasid al-Shariah’ is given a fundamental status in this book. Thus, theories and methods of the Islamic law presented throughout the book will be analysed and evaluated based on their agreement with the Maqasid of the Islamic law...click for a full book in pdf

 
The Islamization of English Literary Studies: A Postcolonial Approach PDF Print E-mail

Md. Mahmudul Hasan

Abstract

In today’s world where the former colonized are reshaping their relation with the colonizer, the concept of decolonizing or indigenizing education is widely discussed in postcolonial studies. Decolonizing/indigenizing education counters the western systems of knowledge’s hegemony over those of non-western systems of thought and requires the development of a new approach to education that keeps in view the indigenous societies’ socio-cultural and religious values and  traditions. The Islamization of Knowledge undertaking maintains a similar approach, but additionally requires an Islamic perspective on knowledge.  Among all western disciplines, English literature is arguably the most culturally charged and carries western value-laden ideas. This reality points to the need to look at it from Islamic perspectives. Based on this theoretical concept, this study seeks to establish the urgency and feasibility of Islamizing English (British) literary studies.

 
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