Economics and Business

Al-Dharā’i‘ and Maqāsid al-Sharī‘ah: A case study of Islamic insurance

Abstract: This paper aims at exploring the concept of al-dharā’i‘ in its broad meaning, both at the preventive and proactive levels (sadd and fath al-dharā’i‘). The application of al-dharā’i‘ at both levels plays a significant role as a practical mechanism towards the realisation of maqāsid, due to the cause-effect relationship between means and objectives. Thus, the legality or the Sharī‘ah value of an act could be determined based on its possible results in procuring benefits and/or preventing harm. Islamic Insurance has been considered a new development in fiqh al-mu‘āmalāt. The current debate is not on the question of legality of insurance as a concept and practice but rather to provide an Islamic model of insurance that conforms to the criteria of the Sharī‘ah that helps realise its objectives. Due to the unavailability of direct texts on this issue, some practical aspects of insurance depend largely upon the predominance of either beneficial or evil ends. This paper will, therefore, look into some controversial issues prevailing in insurance practice and an attempt will be made to review the issues within the framework of realisation of Maqāsid al-Sharī‘ah via the application of dharā’i‘ both at preventive and proactive levels.

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